Protein Crystallographic Methods
(1965, 1984 ~ )
Direct-method SAD phasing
at lower resolutions
Direct-method SIR phasing based
on SOLVE/RESOLVE results
Fragment extension
based on molecular replacement
Click for details of lysozyme Click for details of azurin Click for details of xylanase

Direct Methods of solving Incommensurate Crystal Structures (1987 ~ )
Image Processing in High-Resolution Electron Microscopy (1972 ~ )
The composite structure
Click for details on multi-
dimensional direct methods
Click for details on electron crystallography

Programs of Crystallographic Computing
(1985 ~ )
Programs with 
Intelligent controlDirect methods for 
StructuresVisual computing in 
CrystallographyDirect-method SAD/SIR phasing and 
fragment extension with and without
SAD/SIR information

Methods for Powder Analysis
(1999 ~ )
Pseudo-symmetry and phase ambiguity
(1965 ~ 1985)
Click for details on powder methods. Direct methods dealing with
phase ambiguities 
due to pseudo symmetry